FUCVAM (Uruguayan Federation of Housing Cooperatives for Mutual Aid), is a second grade institution that coordinates and promotes cooperative-housing in Uruguay and Latin America. Since the enactment in Uruguay of the Housing Act in 1968, when cooperatives mutual aid could requesting mortgage loans for co-housing construction, FUCVAM represents the interests of the sector facing society and, especially, facing the Uruguayan government. The federation design complex is organized chiefly from user participation in decision-making at all levels of co-housing construction; since the formation of the cooperative to the occupation, through the financial analysis, the administration, the housing units and direction of the work. Thus, for cooperatives, user intervention is intrinsic to the process of configuring the problem, and therefore, the design of the solution. FUCVAM created a design and construction system for co-housing, financed by the state, from a public land portfolio and focusing on participation of cooperatives which together with the Institutes of Technical Assistance (IAT) are responsible for the management and execution works. Through various levels, the cooperatives and IATs are responsible for the ongoing monitoring of financing, cost planning, accounting, the social work and management team work. In recent decades, the experience of FUCVAM was extended to many countries in the region, expanding not only the premise of the social construction of habitat, but fundamentally, the importance of organization, cooperation and mutual help as a strategies to guide processes innovation and inclusion. It stands out sharply in its activity both in his role as organizer of the cooperative movement, so as a collaborative and democratic style for the construction of spcial habitat. The FUCVAM trayectory shows a central role in the political and social history of Uruguay, especially in democratic recovery in the 1980s; therefore also constitutes a strategic institution for cooperatives and social production of habitat in Latin America.
This CTP addresses the enactment of the National Housing Act in 1968. It was the product of effort and recognition of the first housing cooperatives in Uruguay. This law enabled the development of experiences of collective ownership of land and housing.
This CTP is about the strike fee payments of mortgage loans by FUCVAM in the 1980s. This strike movement facilitated the maturation and strengthened its relative power position against the State.
In 1989, FUCVAM, as federation, coordinated the massive takeover of land in the city of Montevideo. As a result of this action, in 1990, through Decree 24,654, the government created the Portfolio of Land for Housing of Montevideo.
The development of recycling style was an important CTP in the trajectory of FUCVAM. The form of co-operative housing by recycling represents a variable that is directly linked, physical and socially, with the metropolitan area in the latin american big cities.
In 2008 was enacted the Cooperative Law 18407, during the government of Tabare Vazquez. The cooperative movement organized the original law project, specifically fostered by the Uruguayan Confederation of Cooperatives Entities (CUDECOOP).
This CTP addresses the process of internationalization of FUCVAM from its intervention in a Housing Program in Haiti in 2010. In part this process was also discussed as one of the activities of Cooperative of the Americas (Regional Network of ICA).
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